Evolutionary Change in Human-altered Environments – An International Summit

Speaker Presentations and Abstracts

(click on links next to speaker’s name)

Click to view: Summit Program Booklet, Speakers’ AffiliationsTitles and Authors of Summit Oral Presentations

Thursday, February 8

Keynote Addresses

talk, abs Georgina Mace Evolutionary biology and practical conservation: bridging a widening gap
talk, abs Loren Rieseberg The speed of adaptation


Session I – Captive Breeding and Exploitation

talk, abs Richard Frankham Genetic adaptation to captivity in species conservation programs
talk, abs C. Scott Baker How few whales were there after whaling?
talk, abs David Coltman  Consequences of selective harvesting
talk, abs Robin Waples Evolutionary consequences of anthropogenic changes on long-term viability of Pacific salmon and steelhead
talk, abs Jeffrey A. Hutchings Fishing, farming, and their evolutionary consequences to fishes
talk, abs Paul Leberg Purging of inbreeding depression and the management of captive populations
talk, abs Ettore Randi Detecting hybridization between wild species and their domesticated relatives
talk, abs Kaustuv Roy Downsizing nature: ecological and evolutionary consequences of size-selective harvesting
talk, abs Phil Hedrick Captive breeding and the recovery of Mexican and red wolves
talk, abs Robert Wayne The effect of extirpation and reintroduction on genetic variability of the gray wolf
talk, abs Pierre Taberlet Conservation genetics of domestic Bovidae (cattle, sheep, goats)
talk, abs Louis Bernatchez The functional genomics of rapid evolutionary changes between domesticated and wild populations
talk, abs Ryan Broddrick Policy Presentation Implications of research findings for fish and wildlife management


Thursday, February 9

Session II – Habitat Degradation and Environmental and Climate Change

talk, abs Juha A. Merilä Environmental change and evolution: disentangling environmental and genetic responses
talk, abs David Reznick Experimental studies of evolution in guppies – a model for understanding the role of predators in structuring natural communities
talk, abs Pierre Saumitou-Laprade Adaptation of Arabidopsis halleri (Brassicaceae) to sites recently polluted by high amounts of zinc and cadmium
talk, abs Ole Seehausen Speciation reversal in human-altered environments
talk, abs  Hans Slabbekoorn How much acoustic space do we leave to the birds?
talk, abs Victoria Sork Do landscape changes threaten regions of evolutionary interest in California valley oak (Quercus lobata)?
talk, abs Thomas Smith Microevolutionary consequences of human disturbance in a rainforest species from Central Africa
talk, abs Rosemary Gillespie Natural and human-mediated biodiversity dynamics in isolated island communities: using current patterns towards a general understanding of process
talk, abs Dany Garant Changing climate and changing genetic (co)variance of reproductive traits in a wild bird population
talk, abs Marcel Visser Climate change leads to selection on temperature sensitivity of avian timing of reproduction
talk, abs William Bradshaw Genetic response to rapid climate change
talk, abs Jessica Hellmann Local adaptation as potential constraint on geographic range shifts under climate change: molecular evidence of divergence and field tests of population fitness in two contrasting butterfly species
talk, abs Mark Reynolds Policy Presentation Is ignoring evolution intelligent design for conservation?


Session III. Invasive Species and Pathogens

talk, abs Spencer Barrett The evolution of adaptation during plant invasion
talk, abs Katrina Dlugosch Founding events in invasions: genetic patterns and evolutionary consequences
talk, abs Craig Benkman Species introductions, the loss of geographic variation, and the elimination of coevolutionary diversification
talk, abs Scott Carroll Predicting the forms and foundations of rapid adaptation in persisting populations
talk, abs Carol Eunmi Lee Exploring genomic targets of selection across independent invasions into novel environments
talk, abs Andrew Suarez and Neil Tsutsui The evolutionary consequences of social insect invasions
talk, abs Andrew Hendry Human impacts on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populations
talk, abs Kenneth Whitney Hybridization as a route to invasion
talk, abs Michael Kinnison Rapid evolution as an ecological determinant of invasion: experimental evaluation in the wild
talk, abs Oliver Pergams Microevolution in Chicago-area mice
talk, abs Craig Moritz Predicting and protecting evolutionary hotspots in California
talk, abs Robert Fleischer Trouble in Paradise: interactions of invasive vectors, introduced disease and an endangered native avifauna
talk, abs Scott Edwards Host-parasite interactions: evolutionary genetics and gene expression changes in House Finches induced by an expanding bacterial pathogen
talk, abs Frédéric Thomas Human activities and parasite microevolution
talk, abs Robert Mangold Policy Presentation Federal policy on forest invasive species and its relationship to evolutionary biology research


Discussion Session:

Reports from the Working Sessions and Synthesis

talk, abs André Talbot Conservation implications of evolutionary effects of captive breeding and exploitation
talk, abs Jerry Schubel Conservation implications of the evolutionary effects of habitat degradation and climate change
talk, abs Gabriela Chavarria and Ellie Cohen Conservation implications of evolutionary effects of invasive species and pathogens
talk, abs Tom Lacher and Ray Sauvajot Summary and synthesis
talk, abs Frédéric Thomas Translating Science Into Policy



Scheduled Poster Presentations – Friday, February 8th, 5:00 to 8:00 PM (in alphabetical order by first author; numbers correspond to assigned posterboard number)


1. Rapid adaptation of sea-run threespine stickleback fish after introduction to a lake.

Windsor E. Aguirre and Michael A. Bell

2. Did Florida populations of the root weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus L. come from Puerto Rico? A mitochondrial analysis of populations from Puerto Rico and Florida.
Marina S. Ascunce, Ann Marie Clark, Rosa A. Franqui, and Herbet N. Nigg

3. Evolutionary responses of associated hormonal, behavioral, and  morphological traits following colonization: conservation or potential?
Jonathan W. Atwell, Goncalo C. Cardoso, and Ellen D. Ketterson

4. Discovering genes associated with whirling disease resistance using microarray analysis.
Melinda Baerwald, Ronald Hedrick, and Bernie May

5. Population genetic structure of a rodent reservoir for Hantavirus, O. longicaudatus,in Chile and its human implications.
Brittany S. Barker, Fernando Torres-Perez, R. Eduardo Palma, and Joseph A. Cook

6. Models of rapid life history evolution in marine reserves.
Marissa L. Baskett, Joshua S. Weitz, Jonathan Dushoff, Steven D. Gaines, and Simon A. Levin

7. Differences in genetic diversity for mitochondrial DNA among hatchery and wild populations of Oncorhynchus mykiss with suspected resistance to Myxobolus cerebralis the causative agent of salmonid whirling disease.
Katherine A. Beauchamp, Mansour El-Matbouli, E. Richard Vincent, Ronald P. Hedrick

8. The role of genetically engineered traits in future evolution.
Thomas Bøhn and Raul Primicerio

9. Comparative phylogeography in southern California: Evolutionary processes and current reserve design.
Andrew J. Bohonak, Joshua Boys, Robert Fisher, and Amy G. Vandergast

10. Effects of forest fragmentation on prevalence and host specificities of Plasmodium and Haemoproteus spp. in African rainforest birds.
Camille Bonneaud, Irem Sepil, Borja Milá, Wolfgang Buermann, Ravinder N.M. Sehgal, Gediminas Valkiūnas, Tatjana A. Iezhova, Sassan Saatchi, and Thomas B. Smith

11. Ecotoxicology of wild yellow perch (Perca flavescens) populations chronically exposed to a polymetallic gradient: A genetic approach.
Vincent Bourret, Louis Bernatchez, Patrice Couture, and Peter G.C. Campbell

12. Bird translocations as an effective tool for the genetic restoration of isolated populations.
Juan L. Bouzat, Jeff A. Johnson, John E. Toepfer, Scott A. Simpson, Terry L. Esker, and Ronald L. Westemeier

13. Conservation genetics of the east Pacific green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in Michoacan, Mexico.
Omar Chassin-Noria, Alberto Abreu-Grobois, Peter H. Dutton, and Ken Oyama

14. A hybrid zone between two species of spadefoot toads.
Amanda J. Chunco and Karin Pfennig

15. Understanding the causes and fates of hybrid swarms.
Matthew P. Corsi, Paul Spruell, Robb F. Leary, and Fred W. Allendorf

16. Modern human predators as agents of selection.
Chris Darimont, Paul C. Paquet, and Thomas E. Reimchen

17. Endemic lineages reflect hotspots of biodiversity within the Alexander Archipelago, Alaska.
Natalie G. Dawson, S.O. MacDonald, A.G. Hope, and J.A. Cook  

18. Fishatlas: integrating available and new genetic data on Belgian freshwater fish for conservation management.
Koen De Gelas, Jeroen Van Houdt, Filip A.M. Volckaert, and Daniel De Charleroy

19. Patterns of genetic variation in anthropogenically impacted populations.
Joseph D. DiBattista

20. Fish-stocking imposes rapid micro-evolution on the zooplankter Daphnia.
Cathy Duvivier, Robby Stoks, and Luc De Meester

21. Parallel responses of species and genetic diversities of Indonesian butterflies to disturbance in tropical rainforests.
Cécile Fauvelot, Daniel F.R. Cleary, and Steph B.J. Menken

22. The effects of size-selective harvesting on the population biology of a sex-changing limpet, Lottia gigantea.
P.B. Fenberg and K. Roy

23. Climate change alters phenology and gene flow in an annual plant.
Steven J. Franks and Arthur E. Weis

24. Fitness and phenotypic consequences of multigenerational hybridization between farmed and wild salmon from two divergent populations.
Dylan J. Fraser and Jeffrey A. Hutchings

25. Restricted gene flow among populations of the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard, Tiliqua adelaidensis.
Michael G. Gardner, Annabel Smith, Aaron Fenner, and C. Michael Bull

26. Evolutionary responses of a butterfly population to climate change – explorations with a stochastic, individual-based model.
Richard S. Gejji, James J. Boyle, Ward B. Watt, Mark S. Alber, and Jessica J. Hellmann

27. MHC versus microsatellite diversity in spotted suslik Spermophilus suslicuspopulations from two different parts of its range.
Aleksandra Gondek and Jacek Radwan

28. Speciation in reverse: the collapse of a threespine stickleback species pair highlights the fragility of reproductive barriers between evolutionarily young species.
Jennifer L. Gow, Janette W. Boughman, Matt Groenenboom, Marian Sniatynski, Dolph Schluter, Catherine L. Peichel, and Eric B. Taylor

29. Rapid evolution of a desert plant invader  in response to elevated atmospheric CO2 at the Nevada Desert FACE  Facility.
Judah Grossman and Kevin J. Rice

30. The fate of mixed populations:  Exploring the outcomes of many generations of experimental hybridization under both benign and stressful conditions.
AnnMarie S. Hwang and Suzanne Edmands

31. Integrating data, biological and decision models for invasive species management: Application to leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula).
Ayaz Hyder, Brian Leung, and Zewei Miao

32. Flowering phenology and the evolution of fragmented prairie plant populations.
Jennifer Ison and Stuart Wagenius

33. Genetic and phenotypic diversity in Western aspen.
M.K. Kanaga, M.E. Pfrender, R.J. Ryel, and K.E. Mock

34. The role of local adaptation in the spread of an invader: Recent range expansion of Bromus tectorum.
Rebecca H. Kao, Cynthia S. Brown, and Ruth A. Hufbauer

35. If you build it, who will come? Casting an evolutionary eye on ecological restoration.
Madhusudan Katti and Karl Kraft

36. Does the native predator Corethrella appendiculata determine the invasive success of the mosquito Aedes albopictus?
Banugopan Kesavaraju,Kavitha Damal, and Steven A. Juliano

37. Genetic impacts of ranch mink on wild mink populations.
Anne Kidd, Jeff Bowman, and Albrecht Schulte-Hostedde

38. Impact of human development on contemporary evolution in threespine stickleback fish.
Jun Kitano, David A. Beauchamp, Seiichi Mori, Takanori Nakano, and Catherine L. Peichel

39. Human-induced habitat modification drives rapid and predictable morphological evolution in an endemic livebearing fish.
R. Brian Langerhans and Craig A. Layman

40. The interplay of hybrid vigour, hybrid breakdown and recombination in adaptation to novel environments.
Robert G. Latta and April D. Johansen

41. Exploitation-induced changes in farmed stocks Pacific oysters in France.
Ane T. Laugen, Pierre Boudry, and Bruno Ernande

42. Local adaptation to climatic variation in the common frog (Rana temporaria).
Ane T. Laugen, Anssi Laurila, Katja Räsänen, and Juha Merilä

43. Immune defense strategies differ between invasive New World House Sparrows and their Old World ancestors.
K. A. Lee, K.C. Klasing, L.B. Martin, L. Fusani, G. Sorci, B. Faivre, and M. Wikelski

44. Application of microsatellite data to the design of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the Hawaiian Islands.
Catherine Lippé and David B. Carlon

45. Exotic vs. Native species: effects of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) on the native bird communities of a subtropical area.
Ian MacGregor-Fors, Lorena Morales-Pérez, Javier Quesada, and Jorge E. Schondube

46. Inferring regions of concern for a wide-ranging species endemic to California.
Mersee Madison-Villar,Andrew Bohonak, and Tod Reeder

47. An investigation of ecological function in replanted, degraded and non degraded mangrove forests of Menai bay, Zanzibar.
Makame Kitwana Makame and Gregory Atambi

48. The mysid model of adaptive constraints in a rapidly changing environment.
Jeffrey Markert, Denise Champlin, Jason Grear, Anne Kuhn, Sarah Winnicki, Mark Bagley, and Diane Nacci

49. Anthropogenic habitat alteration affects the form of natural selection in the brown anole, Anolis sagrei.
Erin Marnocha, Ryan Calsbeek, and Thomas B. Smith

50. Change in species composition and phenotypic variation as a function of forest degradation, in Loma Alta, Ecuador.
C.C. Martínez Rivera

51. Genomic analysis of hatch timing in coho salmon.
Erin McClelland and Kerry Naish

52. Phenotypic responses of two oceanic island endemic bird species to recent anthropogenic habitat changes.
Martim Melo

53. Local adaptation of maize landraces to an environmental gradient.
Kristin L. Mercer and Hugo Perales Rivera

54. Human movement of fish obscures evolutionary history: Colorado’s native trout and their non-native genes.
J. L. Metcalf, V. L. Pritchard, D. E. Cowley, S. M. Silverstri, J. S. Woods, J. b. Mitton, and A. P. Martin

55. Rapid natural selection for resistance to an introduced parasite of rainbow trout: preserving genetic diversity matters in changing environments.
Mark P. Miller and E. Richard Vincent   

56. Analysis of phenotypic and genetic variation in the endangered beach mouse.
Lynne M. Mullen, Sacha Vignieri, Linda Botteger, Cynthia Steiner, Jeff Gore, and Hopi E. Hoekstra

57. Combining scientific and fist hand local knowledge for raising awareness on gorilla conservation in Cameroon; Great Apes conservation education in Lebialem Highlands.
Denis Ndeloh and Louis Nkembi

58. The emergence of a hybrid fish in perturbed habitats.
A. Nolte, K. Stemshorn, J. Freyhof, and D. Tautz

59. Properties of principal components analysis when applied to isolation-by-distance populations.
John Novembre and Matthew Stephens

60. Trampsnails: genetic evidence for natural colonization and human-mediated introductions of the land snail Praticolella.
Kathryn E. Perez and Cliff Cunningham

61. Strong artificial selection in the wild results in predicted small evolutionary change.
Erik Postma, Jan Visser, and Arie J. van Noordwijk

62. Human impacts on the population genetic structure of cutthroat trout.
 V. L. Pritchard, K. Jones, and D. E. Cowley

63. Population connectivity in the recreationally and commercially targeted species, striped marlin.
Catherine Purcell and Suzanne Edmands

64. Conservation of biodiversity and habitat destruction: do economic incentives based policies work? Conservation of Ibex (Capra sibirica hemalayanus) and Markhor in Arkari valley Chitral, Pakistan.
Fazli Rabbi and Siegfried Bauer

65. Genetic structure and genetic diversity of natural populations of crabwood (Carapa guianensis Aulb).
Andréa Raposo, Ana Y. Ciampi, Lúcia H. Wadt, and Elizabeth A. Veasey

66. The role of maternal effects in responses to human induced environmental change: acidification 7and amphibians.
Katja Räsänen, Anssi Laurila, Fredrik Söderman, Micael Persson, and Juha Merilä

67. Responding to environmental change: can a need for breeding synchrony in common guillemots (Uria aalge) limit individual plastic responses?
Thomas E. Reed, Sarah Wanless, Michael P. Harris, Morten Frederiksen, Loeske E.B. Kruuk, and Emma J. A. Cunningham

68. Evolutionary consequences of a rapidly evolving invasive species to the viability of a native threatened species.
David C. Richards and Tristan Arrington

69. A follow up on the evidence of rapid evolutionary changes of gene expression profiles in farmed Atlantic salmon.
Christian Roberge, Éric Normandeau, Sigurd Einum, Helga Guderley, and Louis Bernatchez

70. Elucidating the mechanisms of invasion success: novel molecular tools for the invasive Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus).
Vinodkumar Saranathan and Michael A. Russello

71. Conservation genetics of the American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus): declining population size in an impacted population in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Shane Sarver, Carolyn Ferrell, Raeann Mettler, Garth Spellman, and Cynthia Anderson

72. Practical guidelines for incorporating evolutionary concepts into conservation biology.
Martin A. Schlaepfer

73. Of Guppies and Clear-Cuts: Isolating the Role of Light in Contemporary Evolution.
Amy K. Schwartz and Andrew P. Hendry

74. Changes in genetic diversity and population structure of Sacramento perch due to anthropogenic translocations to new environments.
Rachel S. Schwartz and Bernie May

75. Invasive plant promotes hybridization and speciation in native host specialist insects.
Dietmar Schwarz and Bruce A. McPheron

76. Implications of genetic diversity for the conservation in endangered bird species.
Gernot Segelbacher

77. Effects of deforestation on the prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in African rainforest birds.
Ravinder Sehgal, Anthony Chasar, Wolfgang Buermann, Camille Bonneaud, Sassan Saatchi, Gediminas Valkiūnas, and Thomas B. Smith

78. The role of selection, gene flow, and range edges in determining ecological responses to climate warming in the cut-leaved monkeyflower (Mimulus laciniatus).
Jason P. Sexton, Kevin J. Rice, and Sharon Y. Strauss

79. Floristical and phytosociological survey in the edge of Núcleo Cabuçu, Cantareira State Park, São Paulo, Brazil.
Vanda S. Silva, Eduardo L. M. Catharino, Giancarlo C.X. Oliveira, and Elizabeth A. Veasey

80. Inferring past and recent evolutionary processes of Quetzals in a fragmented landscape.
Sofia Solorzano, Allan J. Baker, and Ken Oyama

81. Impervious land cover predicts anthropogenic disturbance and variation in fitness of nesting house wrens (Troglodytes aedon).
Pacifica Sommers, Louise Gava, Caitlin Kight, and John Swaddle

82. Cryptic genetic variation in a coniferous forest management indicator species (Aves, Certhiidae: Certhia americana).
Garth M. Spellman, Raeann Mettler, Shane Sarver, and John Klicka

83. Rapid evolutionary divergence of pupfish morphology surpasses historical divergence.
Craig A. Stockwell and Michael L. Collyer

84. Purging of deleterious recessive alleles during historical inbreeding reduces the magnitude of inbreeding depression.
William R. Swindell and Juan L. Bouzat

86. Genetic structure of a native fish species, Etheostoma nigrum (Rafinesque) in the upper Midwest.
Ali G. Tackett, Jeffrey S. Heilveil, and Craig A. Stockwell

87. Long term genetic consequences of intense hunting pressure on Scandinavian moose (Alces alces).
Carl-Gustaf Thulin, Göran Ericsson, Kjell Danell, and Roger Bergström.

88. Variation in the major histocompatibility class IIDB gene region between polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated and reference populations of the mummichog fish, Fundulus heteroclitus.
Joëlle Tirindelli, Sarah Cohen, Diane Nacci, and Denise Champlin

89. The effect of human-mediated interpopulation hybridization on population fitness and species interactions.
Michelle Tseng

90. Life history and environmental variation interact to determine effective population to census size ratio.
Thomas F. Turner, Megan J. Osborne, Gregory R. Moyer, Melissa A. Benavides, and Dominique Alò

91. Genetic variability and population structure of an island endemic rodent (Oryzomys couesi cozumelae): conservation implications. Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Rodrigo Vega, and Alfredo D. Cuarón

92. U.S. EPA Partnerships & Climate Change.
André Villaseñor

93. Reproductive failure and reduced progeny fitness: two genetic consequences of fragmentation in the widespread prairie plant Echinacea angustifolia.
Stuart Wagenius

94. Evidence for habitat fragmentation altering within-population processes in wombats.
Faith M. Walker, Paul Sunnucks, and Andrea C. Taylor

95. Project baseline:  Preserving genetic materials for future studies on evolutionary change.
Arthur E. Weis, Jeffrey K. Conner, Julie R. Etterson, Susan J. Mazer, and Ruth G. Shaw 

96. The build-up of genetic structure during colonization of recently deglaciated habitat.
Andrew R. Whiteley, Scott Gende, Anthony J. Gharrett, and David A. Tallmon

97. Effects of an invasive social wasp on endemic Hawaiian arthropods.
Erin E. Wilson and David A. Holway

98. Dramatic resistance of the Atlantic tomcod population in the Hudson River to PCBs and Dioxin.
Isaac Wirgin, Nirmal Roy, and R. Christopher Chambers

99. Evolutionary consequences of heavy metal contamination to deer mice and their intestinal microbial community.
Samantha M. Wisely, Susan J. Brown, and Sanjeev Naranayan

100. The genetics of copper tolerance in Mimulus guttatus.
Kevin Wright, David Lowry, Mark Macnair, and John Willis

101. Scale dependent responses of beetle genetic and phenotypic diversity to temporal variability.
Gal Yaacobi and Dafna Kaufman

102. Effects of habitat fragmentation on pollinator communities in New England.
Helen J. Young and Kristen Pelz

103. The Achilles’ heel of DNA barcoding: mtDNA introgression in skipper butterflies.
Evgueni V. Zakharov and Jessica J. Hellmann

104. Population responses to inbreeding and environmental perturbations: an experimental study.
Audrey Zannese and Tim Benton