A seagull in this 2020 photo rests against a smoky backdrop in San Francisco | Jana Asenbrennerova

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Morgan Tingley and Olivia Sanderfoot for National Geographic — Wildfire smoke affects birds too. Here’s how you can help.

UCLA ecologist Morgan Tingley and postdoctoral fellow Olivia Sanderfoot discuss the effects of smoke exposure on North American birds during breeding season for National Geographic.