coral reef conservation
Coral outcrop on Flynn Reef

Research Project | 2016

Coral Reef Conservation

Region: Seas of the Coral Triangle (a region comprised of the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands)

Paul Barber is an affiliated faculty member of CTR who is conducting research on evolution of conservation of marine biodiversity, coral reefs, evolutionary and population genetics, and natural selection and adaptation. The Barber Lab integrates genetics, ecology, oceanography and geology to understand the processes that promote speciation in marine environments, creating marine biodiversity hotspots. For the past decade, the lab has focused on the fish and invertebrates of the coral reefs of the Coral Triangle, the global epicenter of marine biodiversity. Through a comparative approach, the Barber Lab is examining the relative importance of tectonic history, physical oceanography, and organismal ecologies in limiting genetic connectivity and promoting evolution and lineage diversification. Recent work focuses on integrating empirical models of connectivity with predictions from geographically explicit models of contemporary and historical ocean currents. The Barber Lab is also investigating the role of natural selection and adaptation in shaping population genetic patterns, particularly the role of the genetic basis of energetic performance of mitochondrial in size selective mortality of marine larvae.


Current Projects

Related Publications

The recovery of coral genetic diversity in the Sunda Strait following the 1883 eruption of Krakatau

Starger, C. J.; Barber, P. H.; Barker, A. C.; Ambariyanto, A.

Published Work | 2010 | Coral Reefs 29(3), 547–565

High gene flow due to pelagic larval dispersal among South Pacific archipelagos in two amphidromous gastropods (Neritomorpha: Neritidae)

Crandall, E. D.; Taffel, J.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2009 | Heredity 104(6), 563–572

The challenge of understanding the Coral Triangle biodiversity hotspot

Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2009 | Biogeography 36(10), 1845–1846

A threat to coral reefs multiplied? Four species of crown of thorns starfish

Vogler, C.; Benzie, J.; Lessios, H.; Barber, P. H.; Worheide, G.

Published Work | 2008 | Biology Letters 4(6), 696–699

Comparative phylogeography of two seastars and their ectosymbionts within the Indo-Malay-Philippines Archipelago

Crandall, E. D.; Jones, M. E.; Munoz, M. M.; Akinrobe, B.; Erdmann, M. V.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | Molecular Ecology 17(24), 5276–5290

Phylogeography, morphological variation and taxonomy of the toxic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus (Dinophyceae)

Richlen, M.; Morton, S.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | Harmful Algae 7(5), 614–629

Limited variation and genetic structure in softshell clams (Mya arenaria) across their native and introduced range

Strasser, C. A.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | Conservation Genetics 10, 803–814

Phylogeography and limited genetic connectivity in the endangered giant boring clam, Tridacna crocea, across the Coral Triangle

DeBoer, T.; Subia, M.; Kovitvonga, K.; Ambariyanto, A.; Erdmann, M.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | Conservation Biology 22(5), 1255–1266.

Cirhilabrus beauperryi, a new wrasse (Pisces: Labridae) from Melanesia

Allen, G. R.; Drew, J.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | nternational Journal of Ichthyology 14(3), 129–140

Identification and Conservation of Endemic Fishes of Tropical Pacific Archipelagoes

Drew, J. A.; Kaufmann, L.; Allen, G.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | Conservation Biology 22, 965–975

Contrasting demographic history and phylogeographical patterns in two Indo-Pacific gastropods

Crandall, E. D.; Frey, M.; Grossberg, R. K.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2008 | Molecular Ecology 17(2), 611–626

The importance of conserving evolutionary processes

Smith, T. B.; Grether, G.

Published Work | 2008

Genetic identity determines risk of post-settlement mortality of a marine fish

Vigliola, L.; Doherty, P. J.; Meekan, M. G.; Drown, D. M.; Jones, M. E.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2007 | Ecology 88(5), 1263–1277

Genetic approaches to measuring connectivity

Hedgecock, D.; Barber, P. H.; Edmands, S.

Published Work | 2007 | Oceanography 20(3), 22–31

Mitochondrial DNA and population size

Wares, J. P.; Barber, P. H.; Ross-Ibarra, J.; Sotka, E. K.; Toonen, R. J.

Published Work | 2006 | Science 314(5804), 1388–1389

Comparative phylogeography of three co-distributed stomatopods: origins and timing of regional lineage diversification in the coral triangle

Barber, P. H.; Palumbi, S. R.; Erdmann, M. V.

Published Work | 2006 | Evolution 60(9), 1825–1839

Estimating diversity of Indo-Pacific coral reef stomatopods through DNA barcoding of stomatopod larvae

Barber, P. H.; Boyce, S. L.

Published Work | 2006 | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 273(1597), 2053–2061

Evolutionary variation in the expression of phenotypically plastic color vision in Caribbean mantis shrimps, genus Neogonodactylus

Cheroske, A. G.; Barber, P. H.; Cronin, T. W.

Published Work | 2006 | Marine Biology 150, 213–220

Epibiotic microbes as food and defense formarine isopods: unique symbioses in a hostile environment

Lindquist, N.; Barber, P. H.; Weisz, J.

Published Work | 2005 | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 272(1569), 1209–1216

A technique for the rapid extraction of microalgal DNA from single live and preserved cells

Richlen, M. L.; Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 2005 | Molecular Ecology Notes 5(3), 688–691

Biodiversity hotspots: Evolutionary origins of biodiversity in wrasses (Halichoeres) in the Indo-Pacific and New World Tropics

Barber, P. H.; Bellwood, D. R.

Published Work | 2005 | Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35(1), 235–253

Rapid recovery of genetic diversity on coral reefs and the temporal and spatial scale of larval dispersal: examples from Krakatau

Barber, P. H.; Moosa, M. K.; Palumbi, S. R.

Published Work | 2002 | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 2002, 269, 1591–1597

Molecular systematics of the Gonodactylidae (Stomatopoda) using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase C (subunit 1) DNA sequences

Barber, P. H.; Erdmann, M. V.

Published Work | 2002 | Journal of Crustacean Biology 20(2), 20–36

Sharp genetic breaks among populations of a benthic marine crustacean indicate limited oceanic larval transport: patterns, cause, and consequence

Barber, P. H.; Palumbi, S. R.; Erdmann, M. V.; Moosa, M. K.

Published Work | 2002 | Molecular Ecology 11(4), 659–674

Nature and origins of unique high diversity reef faunas in the Bay of Tomini, Central Sulawesi: The ultimate “centre of diversity”?

Wallace, C. C.; Paulay, G.; Hoeksema, B. W.; Bellwood, D. R.; Hutchings, P. A.; Barber, P. H.; Erdmann, M.; Wolstenholme, J.

Published Work | 2000 | Proceedings 9th International Coral Reef Symposium, Bali, Indonesia, 185–192

A marine Wallace’s line?

Barber, P. H.; Palumbi, S. R.; Erdmann, M. V.; Moosa, M. K.

Published Work | 2000 | Nature 406, 692–693

Population genetic structuring and gene flow in Hyla arenicolor (Cope) based on mitochondrial sequence data

Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 1999 | Molecular Ecology 8(4), 563–576

Phylogeography of the canyon treefrog, Hyla arenicolor (Cope) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data

Barber, P. H.

Published Work | 1999 | Molecular Ecology 8(4), 547–562