Balancing the needs of multiple stakeholders when making decisions about marine resources is challenging. A toolkit that is specific to the challenges small islands face -economically, socially, and environmentally- is needed. Such toolkits are key for sustainable development, including building resiliency among island nations that face unique challenges compared to mainland countries. We are developing a toolkit design, informed by the successes and failures of existing conservation and policy toolkits, that accounts for the various challenges islands face and that can be modified to the specific characteristics of each nation. Once developed, the toolkit will incorporate the findings of each research project.