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​Evolution and Speciation

PROJECTS

distribution modeling using remote sensing

Distribution Modeling Using Remote Sensing

In this research, species distribution modeling is used as a tool to understand the environmental determinants that control the distribution of species and to obtain spatial patterns on the species’ distribution. Current projects include evaluating the usefulness of newly available vegetation remote sensing data (e.g., from NASA’s Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer [MODIS]) in species distributional modeling,...

ecology and evolution

Ecology and Evolution

Region: Africa, Australia, Bahamas, Canada (British Columbia), Ecuador Our research links behavior to ecology, conservation, and evolution in a wide range of systems around the world. Past research has focused on how behavioral variation impacts basic ecological processes such as seed dispersal in tropical forests. Other research projects address the evolution of sexual dimorphism and...

evolution of resource polymorphisms

Evolution of Resource Polymorphisms

Region: Africa (Cameroon) The black-bellied seedcracker (Pyrenestes ostrinus) is unusual among birds in exhibiting a non-sex-related polymorphism in bill size and represents one of the few examples of disruptive selection in natural populations. Research on this species focuses on understanding the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms maintaining trophic polymorphisms in birds. This work has included measuring...

evolutionary change in human-altered environments

Evolutionary Change in Human-Altered Environments

CTR and the Institute of Environment and Sustainability sponsored an international summit in February 2007 to discuss the effects of human activity on climate change, habitat degradation, captive breeding and exploitation, and invasive species and pathogens. View journal issue Summit presentations With the global human population reaching seven billion in 2011, human impacts are causing...

landscape conservation cooperative

Landscape Conservation Partnership

The Center for Tropical Research has recently developed new models in California to determine the amount of intraspecific genetic variation present in an area. Recently, we tested this new approach in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreational Area (SMNRA), part of the southern subunit (2) of the California Landscape Conservation Cooperative.

mapping evolutionary processes under climate change

Mapping Evolutionary Processes Under Climate Change

The Partnership for International Research and Education project seeks to develop an integrated framework for conserving central African biodiversity under climate change that is both evolutionary-informed and grounded in the socioeconomic constraints of the region.

center for tropical research

Rainforest Biodiversity and Speciation

Region: Africa (Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast), Australia, South America (Ecuador) These projects seek to understand the mechanisms important in generating rainforest biodiversity. Results from research on birds in Cameroon and reptiles in Australia strongly suggest that these transition zones, known as ecotones, are an important generator of the biodiversity of the rainforest. These findings...

the role of sexual selection in speciation in pacific island songbirds

The Role of Sexual Selection in Speciation in Pacific Island Songbirds

Ever since Darwin’s “The Origin of Species,” biologists have been studying the causes of diversification and speciation. Speciation may be driven by sexual or ecological selection or random drift, and the geographic constellation may vary from sympatry (no geographic isolation) to complete allopatry (geographically isolated by means of any barrier, such as water, mountains, or...

Publications

Developmental plasticity affects sexual size dimorphism in a anole lizard

Bonneaud, C.; Marnocha, E.; Herrel, A.; Vanhooydonck, B.; Irschick, D. J.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2015 | Functional Ecology 30, 235–243


Loss of sexual dimporhism is associated with loss of lekking behavior in the green manakin (Xenopipo holochora)

Ribeiro, R. D.; McCormack, J. E.; Álvarez, H. G.; Carrasco, L.; Grether, G. F.; Mena-Olmedo, P.; Sedano, R.; Smith, T. B.; Karubian, J.

Published Work | 2015 | Journal of Avian Biology 46(3), 307–314


Convergent evolution of sunbird pollination systems of Impatiens species in tropical Africa and hummingbird systems of the New World

Janeček, S.; Bartoš, M.; Njabo, K. Y.

Published Work | 2015 | Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 115(1), 127–133


How the zebra got its stripes: a problem with too many solutions

Larison, B.; Harrigan, R. J.; Thomassen, H.; Rubenstein, D. I.; Chan-Golston, A. M.; Li, E.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2015 | Royal Society Open Science 2


Safeguarding biodiversity: what is perceived as working according to the conservation community?

Chapman, C. A.; DeLuycker, A.; Reyna-Hurtado, R. A.; Serio-Silva, J. C.; Smith, T. B.; Strier, K. B.; Goldberg, T. L.

Published Work | 2014 | Oryx 50(2), 302-307


Evolution and conservation of Central African biodiversity: priorities for future research and education in the Congo Basin and Gulf of Guinea

Anthony, N. M.; Atteke, C.; Bruford, M. W.; Dallmeier, F.; Freedman, A.; Hardy, O.; Ibrahim, B.; Jeffery, K. J.; Johnson, M.; Lahm, S. A.; Lepengue, N.; Lowenstein, J. H.; Maisels, F.; Mboumba, J.; Mickala, P.; Morgan, K.; Ntie, S.; Smith, T. B.; Sullivan, J. P.; Verheyen, E.; Gonder, M. K.

Published Work | 2014 | Biotropica 47(1), 6–17


Prescriptive evolution to conserve and manage biodiversity

Smith, T.B; Kinnison, M.; Strauss, S.; Fuller, T.; Scott, P.

Published Work | 2014 | Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 45, 1.1–1.22


Coevolutionary patterns and diversification of avian malaria parasites in African Sunbirds (Family Nectariniidae)

Lauron, E. J.; Loiseau, C.; Bowie, R. C.; Spicer, G. S.; Smith, T. B.; Melo, M.; Sehgal, R. N.

Published Work | 2014 | Parasitology 142(5), 635-647


Spatial and temporal patterns of frugivorous hornbill movements in Central Africa and their implications for rain forest conservation

Chasar, A.; Harrigan, R. J.; Holbrook, K. M.; Dietsch, T. V.; Fuller, T. L.; Wikelski, M.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2014 | Biotropica 46(6), 763–770


Applying evolutionary biology to address global challenges

Carroll, S. P.; Jørgensen, P. S.; Kinnison, M. T.; Bergstrom, C. T.; Denison, R. F.; Gluckman, P.; Smith, T. B.; Strauss, S. Y.; Tabashnik, B. E.

Published Work | 2014 | Science 346(6207)


Spatial conservation planning framework for assessing conservation opportunities in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil

Giorgi, A. P.; Rovzar, C.; Davis, K. S.; Fuller, T.; Buermann, W.; Saatchi, S.; Smith, T. B.; Silveira, L. F.; Gillespie, S. W.

Published Work | 2014 | Applied Geography 53, 369–376


Identifying areas with a high risk of human infection with the avian influenza (H7N9) virus in East Asia

Fuller, T. L.; Havers, F.; Xui, C.; Fang, L.; Cao, W.; Shu, Y.; Widdowson, M.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2014 | Journal of Infection 69(2), 174–181


A role for migration-linked genes in genomic islands in divergence of a songbird

Ruegg, K. C.; Anderson, E. C.; Boone, J.; Pouls, J.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2014 | Molecular Ecology 23(19), 4757–4769


Diet selection is related to breeding status in two frugivorous hornbill species of Central Africa

Lamperti, A. M.; French, A. R.; Dierenfeld, E. S.; Fogiel, M. K.; Whitney, K. D.; Stauffer, D. J.; Stouffer, K. M.; Hardesty, B. D.; Clark, C. J.; Poulsen, J. R.; Wang, B.; Smith, T. B.; Parker, V. T.

Published Work | 2014 | Journal of Tropical Ecology 30(4), 273–290


A continental risk assessment of West Nile virus under climate change

Harrigan, R. J.; Thomassen, H.; Buermann, W.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2014 | Global Change Biology 2014, 20 (8), 2417–2425


Metapopulation dynamics enable persistence of Influenza A, including A/H5N1, in poultry

Hosseini, P. R.; Fuller, T.; Harrigan, R.; Zhao, D.; Arriola, C. S.; Gonzales, A.; Miller, M. J.; Xiao, X.; Smith, T. B.; Holland Jones, J.; Daszak, P.

Published Work | 2014 | PLoS ONE 8(12)


Effects of forest disturbance and habitat loss on avian communities in a Neotropical biodiversity hotspot

Duraes, R.; Carrasco, L.; Smith, T. B.; Karubian, J.

Published Work | 2013 | Biological Conservation 166, 203–211


Pathogen-host associations and predicted range shifts of human Monkeypox in response to climate change in Central Africa

Thomassen, H. A.; Fuller, T. L.; Asefi-Najafabady, S.; Shiplacoff, J. A.; Mulembakani, P. M.; Blumberg, S.; Johnston, S. C.; Kisalu, N. K.; Kinkela, T. L.; Fair, J. N.; Wolfe, N. D.; Shongo, R. L.; LeBreton, M.; Meyer, H.; Wright, L. L.; Muyembe, J.; Buermann, W.; Okitolonda, E.; Hensley, L. E.; Lloyd-Smith, J. O.; Smith, T. B.; Rimoin, A. W.

Published Work | 2013 | PLoS ONE 8(7)


Intraspecific morphological and genetic variation of common species predicts ranges of threatened ones

Fuller, T. L.; Thomassen, H. A.; Peralvo, M.; Wolfgang, B.; Mila, B.; Kieswetter, C. M.; Jarrin-V, P.; Cameron Devitt, S. E.; Mason, E.; Schweizer, R. M.; Schluneggar, J.; Chan, J.; Wang, O.; Schneider, C. J.; Pollinger, J. P.; Saatchi, S.; Graham, C. H.; Wayne, R. K.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2013 | Proceedings of the Royal Society Biology 280(1763)


Speciation on oceanic islands: rapid adaptive divergence vs. cryptic speciation in a Guadalupe Island songbird

Aleixandre, P.; Montoha, J. H.; Borja, M.

Published Work | 2013 | PLoS ONE 8(5)


Predicting bird song from space

Smith, T. B.; Harrigan, R. J.; Kirschel, A. N.; Buermann, W.; Saatchi, S.; Blumstein, D. T.; de Kort, S. R.; Slabbekoorn, H.

Published Work | 2013 | Evolutionary Applications 6(6), 865–874


Predicting hotspots for influenza virus reassortment

Fuller, T. L.; Gilbert, M.; Martin, V.; Cappelle, J.; Hosseini, P.; Njabo, K. Y.; Aziz, S. A.; Xiao, X.; Peter, D.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2013 | Emerging Infectious Diseases 19(4), 581–588


A preliminary assessment of the effectiveness of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor for protecting potential Baird’s tapir (Tapirus bairdii Gill, 1865) habitat in Southern Mexico

Mendoza, E.; Fuller, T. L.; Thomassen, H. A.; Buermann, W.; Ramirez-Mejia, D.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2013 | Integrative Zoology 8(1), 35–47


Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas

Laurance, W. F.; Useche, D. C.; Rendeiro, J.; Kalka, M.; Bradshaw, C. J.; Smith, T. B.; et al.

Published Work | 2012 | Nature 489, 290–294


A trans-Amazonian screening of mtDNA reveals deep intraspecific divergence in forest birds and suggests a vast underestimation of species diversity

Milá, B.; Tavares, E. S.; Saldana, A. M.; Karubian, J.; Smith, T. B.; Baker, A. J.

Published Work | 2012 | PLoS ONE 7(7)


The ecology of emerging infectious diseases in migratory birds: an assessment of the role of climate change and priorities for future research

Fuller, T.; Bensch, S.; Muller, I.; Novembre, J.; Perez-Tris, J.; Ricklefs, R. E.; Smith, T. B.; Waldenstrom, J.

Published Work | 2012 | EcoHealth 9, 80–88


Origins and population history of a recent colonizer, the yellow warbler in Galapagos and Cocos Islands.

Chaves, J. A.; Parker, P. G.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2012 | Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(3), 509–521


Host and habitat specialization of avian malaria in Africa

Loiseau, C.; Harrigan, R. J.; Robert, A.; Bowie, R. C.; Thomassen, H. A.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2011 | Molecular Ecology 21(2), 431–441


Genetic evidence for recent range fragmentation and severely restricted dispersal in the critically endangered Sierra Madre Sparrow, Xenospiza baileyi

Oliveras de Ita, A.; Oyama, K.; Smith, T. B.; Wayne, R. K.; Milá, B.

Published Work | 2011 | Conservation Genetics 13, 283–291


Diversification in Adelomyia hummingbirds follows Andean uplift

Chaves, J. A.; Weir, J. T.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2011 | Molecular Ecology 20(18), 4564–4576


Testing alternative hypotheses for evolutionary diversification in an African songbird: Rainforest refugia versus ecological gradients

Kirschel, A. N.; Slabbekoorn, H.; Blumstein, D. T.; Cohen, R. E.; de Kort, S. R.; Buermann, W.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2011 | Evolution 65(11), 3162–3174


Evolutionary patterns of diversification in the Andean hummingbird genus Adelomyia

Freedman, A. H.; Buermann, W.; Mitchard, E. T.; DeFries, R. S.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2011 | Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60(2), 207–218


Patterns of divergence in the olive sunbird Cyanomitra olivacea (Aves: Nectariniidae) across the African rainforest–savanna ecotone

Smith, T. B.; Thomassen, H. A.; Freedman, A. H.; Sehgal, R. N.; Buermann, W.; Saatchi, S.; Pollinger, J.; Milá, B.; Pires, D.; Valkiūnas, G.; Wayne, R. K.

Published Work | 2011 | Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103(4), 821–835



Mapping evolutionary process: a multi-taxa approach to conservation prioritization

Thomassen, H. A.; Fuller, T.; Buermann, W.; Milá, B.; Kieswetter, C.; Jarrín-V, P.; Cameron, S. E.; Mason, E.; Schweizer, R.; Schlunegger, J.; Chan, J.; Wang, O.; Peralvo, M.; Schneider, C. J.; Graham, C. H.; Pollinger, J. P.; Saatchi, S.; Wayne, R. K.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2011 | Evolutionary Applications 4(2), 397–413


Human-induced morphological shifts in an island lizard.

Marnocha, E.; Pollinger, J.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2011 | Evolutionary Applications 4(2), 388–396


Evolutionary principles and their practical application

Hendry, A. P.; Kinnison, M. T.; Heino, M.; Day, T.; Smith, T. B.; Fitt, G.; Bergstrom, C.; Oakeshott, J.; Jørgensen, P. S.; Zalucki, M.; Southerton, S.; Sih, A.; Denison, R. F.; Carroll, S. P.

Published Work | 2011 | Evolutionary Application 4(2), 159–183


Economic conditions predict prevalence of West Nile virus

Harrigan, R. J.; Thomassen, H. A.; Buermann, W.; Cummings, R. F.; Kahn, M. E.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2010 | PLoS ONE 5(11)


Using remote sensing to map the risk of human monkeypox virus in the Congo Basin

Fuller, T. H.; Thomassen, H. A.; Mulembakani, P. M.; Johnston, S. S.; Lloyd-Smith, J. O.; Kisalu, N. K.; Lutete, T. K.; Blumberg, S.; Fair, J. N.; Wolfe, N. D.; Shongo, R. L.; Formenty, P.; Meyer, H.; Wright, L. L.; Muhembe, J.; Buermann, W.; Saatchi, S. S.; Okitolonda, E.; Hensley, L.; Smith, T. B.; Rimoin, A. W.

Published Work | 2010 | EcoHealth 8(1), 14-25


Comparative avian biodiversity of five mountains in northern Cameroon and Bioko

Larison, B.; Smith, T. B.; Fotso, R.; McNiven, D.

Published Work | 2010 | Ostrich 71, 269–276


Projected changes in elevational distribution and flight performance of montane neotropical hummingbirds in response to climate change

Buermann, W.; Chaves, J. A.; Dudley, R.; Mcguire, J. A.; Smith, T. B.; Altshuler, D. L.

Published Work | 2010 | Global Change Biology 17(4), 1671–1680


Human impacts flatten rainforest-savanna gradient and reduce adaptive diversity in a rainforest bird

Freedman, A. H.; Buermann, W.; Mitchard, E. T.; DeFries, R. S.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2010 | PLoS ONE 5(9)


Spatial modelling and landscape-level approaches for visualizing intra-specific variation

Thomassen, H. A.; Cheviron, Z. A.; Freedman, A. H.; Harrigan, R. J.; Wayne, R. K.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2010 | Molecular Ecology 19(17), 3532–3548


Genomic signals of diversification along ecological gradients in a tropical lizard

Freedman, A. H.; Thomassen, H. A.; Buermann, W.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2010 | Molecular Ecology 19(17), 3773–3788


Spatial variation of haemosporidian parasite infection in African rainforest bird species

Loiseau, C.; Iezhova, T. A.; Balkiunas, G.; Chasar, A.; Hutchinson, A.; Buermann, W.; Smith, T. B.; Sehgal, R. N.

Published Work | 2010 | Journal of Parasitology 96, 21–29


Modeling environmentally associated morphological and genetic variation in a rainforest bird, and its application to conservation prioritization

Thomassen, H. A.; Buermann, W.; Mila, B.; Graham, C. H.; Cameron, S. E.; Schneider, C. J.; Pollinger, J. P.; Saatchi, S.; Wayne, R. K.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2010 | Evolutionary Applications 3(1), 1–16


Characterization of novel microsatellite loci for Myzomela cardinalis and M. rubrata honeyeaters, and cross-amplification in other species

Thomassen, H. A.; Jones, K. C.; Pollinger, J. P.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2009 | Conservation Genetic Resources 2, 205–208


Development of beak polymorphism in the African seedcracker, Pyrenestes ostrinus

Clabaut, C.; Herrel, A.; Sanger, T.; Smith, T. B.; Calsbeek, A.

Published Work | 2009 | Evolution and Development 11(6), 636–646


Prevalence and diversity patterns of avian blood parasites in degraded African rainforest habitats

Chasar, A.; Loiseau, C.; Valkiūnas, G.; Iezhova, T.; Smith, T. B.; Sehgal, R. N.

Published Work | 2009 | Molecular Ecology 18(19), 4121–4133


Birdsong tuned to the environment: green hylia song varies with elevation, tree cover, and noise

Kirschel, A. N.; Blumstein, D. T.; Cohen, R. E.; Buermann, W.; Smith, T. B.; Slabbekoorn, H.

Published Work | 2009 | Behavioral Ecology 29, 1089–1095


Divergence with gene flow and fine-scale phylogeographical structure in the wedge-billed woodcreeper, Glyphorynchus spirurus, a Neotropical rainforest bird

Milá, B.; Wayne, R. K.; Fitze, P.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2009 | Molecular Ecology 18(14), 2979–2995


Character displacement of song and morphology in African tinkerbirds

Kirschel, A. N.; Blumstein, D. T.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2009 | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106, 8256–8261


Test of an adaptive hypothesis for egg speckling along an elevational gradient in a population of Mexican jays (Aphelocoma ultramarina)

Berg, E. C.; McCormack, J. E.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2009 | Journal of Avian Biology 40(4), 448–452


Parallel shifts in ecology and natural selection in an island lizard

Calsbeek, R.; Buermann, W.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2009 | BMC Evolutionary Biology 9(3)


Niche expansion leads to small-scale adaptive differentiation along an elevation gradient in a medium-sized passerine bird

McCormack, J. E.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2008 | Proceedings of the Royal Society B 275(1647), 2155–2164


Modeling the effects of anthropogenic habitat change on savanna snake invasions into African rainforest

Freedman, A. H.; Buermann, W.; LeBreton, M.; Chirio, L.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2008 | Conservation Biology 23(1), 81-92


Integrating paleoecology and genetics of bird populations in two sky island archipelagos

McCormack, J. E.; Bowen, B. S.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2008 | BMC Biology 6(28)


Measuring and modeling biodiversity from space

Gillespie, T. W.; Foody, G. M.; Rocchini, D.; Giorgi, A. P.; Saatchi, S.

Published Work | 2008 | Progress in Physical Geography 32, 203–221


Home range and habitat preferences of the banded ground-cuckoo (Neomorphus radiolosus)

Karubian, J.; Carrasco, L.

Published Work | 2008 | Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(1), 205–209


Postcopulatory fertilization bias as a form of cryptic sexual selection

Calsbeek, R.; Bonneaud, C.

Published Work | 2008 | Evolution 62(5), 1137–1148


The effects of delayed plumage maturation on aggression and survival in male red-backed fairy-wrens

Karubian, J.; Sillett, T. S.; Webster, M. S.

Published Work | 2008 | Behavioral Ecology 19(3), 508–516



The importance of conserving evolutionary processes

Smith, T. B.; Grether, G.

Published Work | 2008


Advances in sexual selection theory: insights from tropical avifauna.

Tori, W. P.; Duraes, R.; Ryder, T. B.; Anciaes, M.; Karubian, J.; Macedo, R. H.; Uy, J. A.; Parker, P. G.; Smith, T. B.; Stein, A. C.; Webster, M. S.; Blake, J. G.; Loiselle, B. A.

Published Work | 2008 | Neotropical Ornithology 19, 151–163


Preface to the special issue: Evolutionary change in human-altered environments

Smith, T. B.; Bernatchez, L.

Published Work | 2007 | Molecular Ecology 17(1), 1–8



Evolutionary consequences of human disturbance in a rainforest bird species from Central Africa

Smith, T. B.; Mila, B.; Grether, G. F.; Slabbekoorn, H.; Sepil, I.; Buermann, W.; Saatchi, S.; Pollinger, J. P.

Published Work | 2007 | Molecular Ecology 17(1), 58–71


The role of geography and ecology in shaping the phylogeography of the speckled hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys) in Ecuador

Chaves, J. A.; Pollinger, J. P.; Smith, T. B.; LeBuhn, G.

Published Work | 2007 | Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43(3), 795–807


Nesting biology of the banded ground-cuckoo (Neomorphus radiolosus)

Karubian, J.; Carrasco, L.; Cabrera, D.; Cook, A.; Olivo, J.

Published Work | 2007 | Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119(2), 222–228


Hunting of mammals reduced seed removal and dispersal of the Afrotropical tree, Antrocaryon klaineanum (Anacardiaceae).

Wang, B. C.; Sork, V. L.; Leong, M. T.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2007 | Biotropica 39(3), 340–347



Intraspecific variation in Anolis sagrei mirrors the adaptive radiation of Greater Antillean anoles

Calsbeek, R.; Smith, T. B.; Knouft, J. H.; Bardeleben, C.

Published Work | 2007 | Biological Journal of the Linnean Socity 90(2), 189–199


Multiple paternity and sperm storage lead to increased genetic diversity in Anolis lizards

Calsbeek, R.; Bonneaud, C.; Prabhu, S.; Manoukis, N.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2007 | Evolutionary Ecology Research 9, 495–503


Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia

ter Steege, H.; Pitman, N. C.; Phillips, O. L.; Chave, J.; Sabatier, D.; Duque, A.; Molino, J.; Prevost, M.; Spichiger, R.; Castellanos, H.; Hildebrand, P.; Vasquez, R.

Published Work | 2006 | Nature 443, 444–447


A southern California freeway is a physical and social barrier to gene flow in carnivores

Riley, S. P.; Pollinger, J. P.; Sauvajot, R. M.; York, E. C.; Bromley, C.; T. L.

Published Work | 2006 | Molecular Ecology 15(7), 1733–1741


Context dependent territory defense: the importance of habitat structure in Anolis sagrei

Calsbeek, R.; Marnocha, E.

Published Work | 2006 | Ethology 112(6), 537–543


Elevational zonation and the phylogenetic relationships of the Henicorhina wood-wrens

Dingle, C.; Lovette, I. J.; Canaday, C.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2006 | The Auk 123(1), 119–134


A comparison of variation between a MHC pseudogene and microsatellite loci of the little greenbul (Androparus virens)

Aguilar, A.; Smith, T. B.; Wayne, R. K.

Published Work | 2005 | BMC Evolutionary Biology 5 (47)


Isolation of polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite markers for the masked flowerpiercer Diglossia cyanea

Bardeleben, C.; Gray, M. M.

Published Work | 2005 | Molecular Ecology Notes 5(4), 849–850


Current and historical factors influencing patterns of species richness and turnover of birds in the Gulf of Guinea highlands.

Smith, C. H.; Smith, T. B.; Languy, M.

Published Work | 2005 | Journal of Biogeography 32, 1371–1384


Temporal and spatial patterns of macaw abundance in the Ecuadorian Amazon

Karubian, J.; Fabara, J.; Yunes, D.; Jorgenson, J. P.; Romo, D.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2005 | Condor 107(3), 617–626



Isolation of polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite markers for the black-bellied seedcracker (Pyresnestes ostrinus)

Delaney, K. S.; Pires, D.; Holder, K.; Bardeleben, C.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2005 | Molecular Ecology Notes 5(4), 774–776


Isolation of polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite markers for the streak-necked flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis

Bardeleben, C.; Gray, M. M.

Published Work | 2005 | Molecular Ecology Notes 5(4), 755–756


Variation in scale numbers is consistent with ecologically based natural selection acting within and between lizard species

Calsbeek, R.; Knouft, J. H.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2005 | Evolutionary Ecology 20, 377–392


Evaluating the divergence-with-gene-flow model in natural population: the importance of ecotones in rainforest speciation

Smith, T. B.; Wayne, R. K.; Girman, D.; Bruford, M. W.

Published Work | 2005 | University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Chicago, USA, 148–165


Putting process on the map: Why ecotones are important for preserving biodiversity

Smith, T. B.; Saatchi, S.; Graham, C.; Slabbekoorn, H.; Spicer, G.

Published Work | 2005 | Phylogeny and Conservation


Testing alternative mechanisms of evolutionary divergence in an African rainforest passerine bird

Smith, T. B.; Calsbeek, R.; Wayne, R. K.; Holder, K. H.; Pires, D.; Bardeleben, C.

Published Work | 2004 | Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18(2), 257–268


Within clutch variation in offspring sex determined by differences in sire body size

Calsbeek R.; Sinervo B.

Published Work | 2003 | Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17(2), 464–470


Ocean currents mediate evolution in island lizards

Calsbeek, R.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2003 | Nature 426, 552–555


Nesting biology of a female Long-wattled Umbrellabird Cephalopterus penduliger in north-western Ecuador

Karubian, J.; Casteñeda, G.; Freile, J. F.; Salazar, R. T.; Santander, T.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2003 | Bird Conservation International 13(4), 351–360


Conservation in conflict: The tale of two endangered species

Roemer, G. W.; Wayne, R. K.

Published Work | 2003 | Conservation Biology 17(5), 1251–1260.


Remote sensing for biodiversity science and conservation

Turner, W.; Spector, S.; Gardiner, N.; Fladeland, M.; Sterling, E.; Steininger, M.

Published Work | 2003 | Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18(6), 306–314


Testing the function of petal displays in the red-backed fairy-wren

Karubian, J.; Alvarado, A.

Published Work | 2003 | Emu 103(1), 87–92


Patterns of molecular evolution and diversification in a biodiversity hotspot: the California Floristic Province

Calsbeek, R.; Thompson, J. N.; Richardson, J.

Published Work | 2003 | Molecular Ecology 12(4), 1021–1029


Physiological epistasis, ontogenetic conflict and natural selection on physiology and life history

Sinervo, B.; Calsbeek, R.

Published Work | 2003 | Integrative and Comparative Biology 43(3), 419–430


Uncoupling direct and indirect components of female choice in the wild

Calsbeek, R.; Sinervo, B.

Published Work | 2002 | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99, 14897–14902



Birdsong and sound transmission: The benefits of reverberations

Slabbekoorn, H.; Ellers, J.; Smith, T. B.

Published Work | 2002 | Condor 104(3), 564–573


Costs and benefits of variable breeding plumage in the red-backed fairy-wren

Karubian, J.

Published Work | 2002 | Evolution 56(8), 1673–1682